Criminal law is the law that is related to crimes that are committed by a person. These regulate the social conduct and what is perceived as harmful, threatening or endangering the health, safety, property or moral welfare of others.
It also includes the penalty for said crimes. It will vary according to the state and the crime that is committed. It may overlap with civil law in some cases.
Punishments and victims compensation will be a part of the penalty phase and vary according to the state in which the crime is committed and the degree of the crime.
It is distinctive in that there are sanctions and rules as well as consequences depending on the state of residence and the state wherein the crime is committed.
In all cases, crimes are punishable in some way, shape or form. These penalties may involve jail time, victim compensation, community service and more.
A criminal law attorney will be in charge of the defense of the potential criminal and they will represent the person to the state, or the courts depending on the situation at hand.
There are also deference programs wherein someone who has never before been convicted of a crime is given the opportunity to keep their record clean for a specified amount of time (usually one to five years) and the charges will be expunged from their record.
This is a great way to help younger offenders get back on the right path. While they are still subject to criminal laws, they are given the opportunity to make things right with the persons whom they wronged and stay on the straight and narrow.
Criminal law will vary from one state to another and often from one town to another. It will be dependent on the charges and the person who is being charged.